nance, as that of Reay v. Raynor, ante, 308. The cause is upheld for the same reasons, and the patent is sustained to the same extent, upon the same grounds, as in that case. Only the second, fourth and fifth claims are said to be infringed here. Of these only the second is held to be valid. The defendant appears to infringe this claim. Their machine has the arrangement of the table over the conveyor so that the blanks are held even and in place by the table while being carried by the conveyor to the creasing box, as described in that claim. Let a decree be entered for the oratrix accol'dingly.
and others v.
UNITED STATES STAMPING
(Circuit Oourt, S. D. New York. January 24, 1884.)
PATENTS FOR INV1!lNTIONS-INFRINGEMENT.
It is no answer to an action for infringement of a patent, that all the parts of the patent were known before, if they were not known in that cOIlnection and arrangement.
Letters patent No. 140,61&, dated July 8, 1873, granted to John B. Firth, for an improvement in cake-pans, and now owned by the plaintiff, luld, to be infringed by letters patent No. 255,045, dated March 14, 1882, and granted to Joseph Smith for a patty-pan.
In Equity. George H. Fletcher, for orators. J. L. N. Hunt and C. R. Ingersoll, for defendant. WHEELER, J. This suit is upon letters patent No. 140,619, dated July 8, 1873, granted to John B. Firth, for an improvement in cakepans, and now owned by the orators. The defenses are, want of novelty in the invention, want of invention in the patent, and non-infringement. The patent is for a cluster of cake-pans united to a plate having an aperture for each pan by a double-seam joint formed from the rim of the cup turned outward and the edge of the plate about the aperture turned upward, on the upper side of the plate. The defendants make and sell similar clusters, but the double-seamd joint is formed of the rim of the pan turned outward and then inward, and of the edge of the plate turned downward on the underside of the plate, according to letters patent 255,045, dated Marcil 14, 1882, and granted to Joseph Smith, for a patty-pan. The principll.l things of this sort preceding Firth's patent were clusters of cups fastened to frames, pans riveted through the bottom to a plate, pans put through apertures in a plate with their rims turned out fiat and riveted to the plate; pits in steam-tables and in the bottoms of wash-boilers, fastened by double-seamed and soldered joints; and double-seam joints in use generally l\mong wares of these kinds. This patented
MUNSON V. OITY OF NEW YORK.
mvcntion is not of tqe pans, or the plates, or the seams, but of the whole manufacture. The nearest previous approach to it in kind was the cluster with the rims riveted to the plate; and the nearest in principle was the bottom of the wash-boiler. Such a bottom, with two or four pits, as the evidence shows were made, would be awkward to use for, and hardly suggestive of, these small cake-pans. The rivets in the riveted cluster might be the equivalent of the doubleseam joint, as a mere mode of fastening pieces of sheet-metal together in some places, for some purposes; but it would not be the equivalent in this place for this purpose. An even and smooth union was reo quired; the riveted joint was rough and uneven; the double-seam joint there was nearly all that was desirable in these respects; and although not a new thing it was new in this place, and more than mere mechanical skill was requisite to the construction and arrangement of the necessary parts for successfully putting it there. It is no answer to the patent that all the parts were known before, If they were not known in that connection and arrangement before. Smith v. Goodyear Co. 93 U. S. 486; Wallace v. Noyes, 13 FED. REP. 172. The defendant insists that, if the patent is valid, as there were double-seam joints, and cake-pans, and clusters of cake-pans fastened in a plate before, it can only cover Firth's precise mode of uniting the cake-pans in a cluster to the plate by the double-seam joint. By. Co. v. Sayles, 97 U. S. 554. This is doubtless true; and the defendant would not be liable if his mode was left to the orators who own the patent. His mode is the use of the double-seam joint there. The defendant has not left that but has taken it. His mode of using it has been changed, and perhaps improved upon, and that improvement has been patented, and perhaps properly patented, but that gives no right to what was before patented· . Let there be a decree for the orators for an injunction, and an ac· count, with costs.
MAYOR, ETO., OF NEW YORK.
(Circuit Court 8. D. New York. 1884.)
PATENTS FOR INVENTIONS - SUSPENSION Oll' INJUNCTION INCONSISTENT CONTENTIONS. PUBJ,JC INTEREST-
After a final decree establishing an exclusive right to the use of a patent and awarding an injunction to protect it, the injunctions will not be suspended while the decree stands un reversed, unless some extraordinary cause outside of the interests of the parties is shown. PUblic necessity may be a cause for such but the defendant, after insisting that the invention is of no usc and benefit, and thus defeating the orator's claim for SUbstantial damages on account of infringement, will not be heard to alIt'ge that it is of such public importance as to warrant a court in suspending the injunction.