FARMERS' LOAN & TRUST CO. V.
,B. C. & A. R. CO.
have announced his purpose to enforce his claim, and adhered to it. Grymes v. Sanders, 93 U. S. 55; McLean v. Clapp, 141 U. S. 429, 12 Sup. Ct. 29. Instead of this, he remained passive, for more than 3i years after the settlement, before he brought his first action, and for over 3 years after he was advised and convinced that his injuries were permanent and entailed total incapacity to labor, and he permitted nearly 5 years to run before filing this bill. The retention of the money paid plaintiff, and his long acquiescence in the settlement, are not excused by any matter alleged in the bill. He knew in March, 1891, all the facts he now urges for the cancellation of the release, except the exact terms of that instrument, which he made no effort to learn, though he seems to have known its substance and effect. These facts constitute a ratification of the settlement, from which he cannot at this late day recede. The complabant's case is certainly pitiable, but it is impossible to afford him relief consistently with the principles of equity. He has by his own remissness erected an insuperable obstacle to the aid of the court. The demUlTer must be sustained, and the bill dismissed.
FARMERS' LOAN & TRUST CO. v. DETROIT, B. C. & A. R. CO. In re KEATING. (Circuit Court, E. D. :YIichigan. 1.
RAILWAY J'rfORTGAGE-STA1'E REGULATIONS.
October 1, 1895.)
In the absence of a decision upon the question by the supreme court of the state, the court will follow the decision of the supreme court that railway mortgages are not within the purview of state statutes regulating mortgages of chattels.
SAME-PREFEREKOE OF CLAIMS-RECEIVERSIIIP.
In a suit to foreclose a mortgage on the property and net earnings of a railroad company, a receiver was appoilJted, to whom the company voluntarily paid over earnings received before his appointment. Held, that a holder of a jUl]gment, on account of personal injuries rendered before the bringing of the foreclosure suit, could not claim S11Ch earnings as against the receiver, he having failed to proceed against them before their payment to the receiver, or to obtain an injunction against such payment. A judgment against a railroad company for personal injuries is not entitled to payment out of moneys in the hands of a receiver before bonds secured by a previous mortgage.
SAmil-HIGHTS OF 130XD11 OLDEHS-SUllROGATION.
'Vhere the receiver by order of court pays, out of moneys to which the bondholders are entitled, the wages of the employes, and likewise taxes constituting a first lien on tl1e property, the bondholders are entitled to be subrogated to the priorities of the employes and the state. After the institution of a suit to foreclose a mortgage covering all the property and net earnings of a railroad company, no lien on such earnings can be acquired by a genellli creditor.
Suit by the Farmers' Loan & Trus,t Company against the Detroit, Bay City & Alpena Railroad Company to foreclose a mortgage. On petition by Thomas Keating, by his next friend, to have a lien de-
clared in his favor on certain funds in the hands of the receiver appointed in the suit. O. A. Jahraus and N. J. Oonnine, for petitioner. Russell & Campbell, for receiver.
SWAN, District Judge. On the 1st day of January, 1883, the Detroit, Bay City & Alpena Railroad Company, a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the state of Michigan, for the purpose of obtaining money for the completion of its road, executed its bonds to the sum of $2,500,000 for moneys loaned by the Farmers' Loan & Trust Company, a corporation organized under the laws of New York, and a citizen of the state of New York, and, to secure said bonds, executed a trust deed of even date therewith upon the property of the railroad company therein described as follows, viz.:
".All the railroad and all the raJlroad property of the A.lpena Company lying and beIng in the state of Michigan; that Is to say, the entire main line of railroad owned by It, extending from Au Sable to its junction with the Michigan Central Railroad at the statIon called 'Alger,' and all the branches and sidIngs of the Alpena Company's railroad, as the same are used In the working of said railroad, amounting, In all, to about twelve miles, and all the property of every kind and nature now owned, or which may hereafter be acquired by, in the name, or on behalf, of, the Alpena Company, as part of, or for use in connection with the construction, maintenance, working, and operation of, said railroad, main line, extensions, branches, and sidings from Alger to Alpena, in Alpena county, and also all rights, privileges, and franchises of the A.lpena Company, and all the net Income and revenue arIsing from the use and operation of Its said railroad and property."
On the 7th day of June, 1887, by way of confirmation and further assurance of the mortgage or deed of trust of January 1, 1883, the railroad company (in the body of both said deeds of trust or mortconveyed gages designated, for brevity, as the "Alpena to the Farmers' Loan & Trust Company, as trustee, all its property and franchises in said second trust deed or mortgage particularly described by the route of the railroad company, and specifying with more particularity the sidings and branch lines, as well as the main line; the length of the railroad, inclu&ive of these, being stated in said second trust deed as follows: "Making, in all, main and branch lines, and sidings built to date, about 18334 /100 miles of track, more or less." Said second trust deed also contained the following further description of the property conveyed:
"And all the property, of every kind and nature, now, or which may hereafter be, acquired by, In the name or on behalf of, the Alpena Company, as a part of, or for use In connection with the construction, maintenance, working, and operation of, !;laid railroad, main lines, extensIons, branches, an(l sidings from Alger, in Arenac county, to Alpena, in Alpena county, and also all rights, privileges, and franchises of the Alpena Company, and all the net income and revenue arising from the use and operation of its said raJlroad and property."
By the first trust deed above mentioned it was provided that:
of any of the bonds issued thereunder and secured thereby, or any part thereof, when the same should be due and payable, or in due time, all taxes or assessments lawfully imposed upon the premises and property thereby
"If the mortgagor company should fail to pay the Interest or principal
FARMERS'LOAN Ii: TRUST CO. 11. DETROIT, B.
Ii: A. R. CO.
lars, for the period of sixty days, then, and in such case, it should be law-
granted, and should remain in default, in either or any of these particu-
ful for, and, upon the request in writing of the holders of at least onetenth In amount of said bonds then outstanding and unpaid, it should be the duty of, the trustee, its or successors, to enter upon and take possession of said railroad, and its personal and other property, and any part thereof, and either the said premises and property, and every part thereof, in its own right, or as the agent of the said mortgagor company, or the complainant, or its successor or successors, as its discretion might, and, on the request in writing of one-tenth in amount of said bonds then outstanding, should, cause said mortgage to be foreclosed, either by proper proceedings therefor to be taken in a court of competent equity jurisdiction. or by advertisement and sale under the statute of the state of Michigan in that behalf made and provided, as the trustee should elect."
Both of these trust deeds contain the usual detailed provisions of such instruments declaratory of the rights and obligations of the respective parties. These trust deeds were duly recorded in the offices of the register of deeds of the several counties through which the road ran, as early as July 7, 1887, but neither was ever filed as a chattel mortgage. The mortgagor failed to pay the interest upon its bonds which fell due July 1, 1893, and having remained in default for more than 60 days, on the 4th day of September, 1893, complainant filed· this bill, praying that it might be placed in possession of the mortgaged premises personally, or that a receiver might be appointed of the rights, franchises, and property conveyed by the trust deed, with the usual power and authority to operate the railroad, and praying, also, the usual decree of foreclosure and sale of the mortgages, with the proper and customary incidental relief to that end. No appearance was entered for the mortgagor, and a decree pro confesso in favor of complainant was duly entered. In accordance with the prayer of the bill, complainant, on September 5, 1893, applied for the appointment of a receiver, and the parties were heard upon this motion. The court took under advisement the names of the persons suggested for the receivership, and on the 23d day of October, 1893, with the consent of all the parties in interest, Don M. Dickinson was appointed receiver. In September, 1891, while the railroad company was operating its road, the petitioner, Thomas Keating, a minor, while riding as a passenger upon one of its trains, was injured through the negligence of the railroad company, and by William Drager, his next friend, brought an action for damages against the company in the circuit court for the county of 10sco on the 5th day of April, 1892. The cause came on for trial in August, 1893, and the plaintiff obtained a verdict and judgment therein for the sum of $10,000 against the mortgagor corporation. For this sum, and the costs in said cause, taxed at the sum of $143.30, an execution was issued out of the said circuit court for the county of 10sco August 31, 1893, returnable October 31, 1893, in favor of the plaintiff, against the goods, chat· tels, lands, and tenements of the railroad company. This writ was levied by the sheriff of the county of 10sco on the 12th day of September, 1893, upon 3 locomotives and 450 tons of soft coal, the property of the railroad company. The property seized was duly appraised, and a notice of the sale thereof posted, as required by the
laws of Michigan. Upon the petitton of the receiver, reciting the levy npon "said property, the purpose' and threat of the sheriff to sell the same nnder his levy, and praying that the sale of the property :w.ight be restraineCl, on the ground, among other things, that the same, at the time of the levy, was in the custody of this court, under the bill filed herein, and was not subject to be taken under process of any other court, an order wae issued and served, calling Keating,liis attorneys and counselors, and the sheriff, to show cause why said sale should not be enjoined, and the seizure of the 'property taken under execution be punished as a contempt of this court. A hearing was had upon the petition and the respondent's answer thereto on the 13th of November, 1893, when it was adjudged and decreed as follows:
"(1) The engin,es an!i coal described in tlle petition are included withiQ the lien of the mortgage under foreclosure in this cause, and that the receiver is entitled 'to the possession of the same; (2) .that T. P. Coe, sheriff of losco countY,be,and he Is hereby, commanded ,to surrender forthwith to the said receiver the p,ossession, of tbe said three engines and the four, bundred and fifty tons of coal levied upon by him, as set forth In said petition; (3) that Sllid T. P. Coe, sheriff of losc? county, and said Thomas Keating, by William Drager, his next friend,be, and they are hereby, perpetually enjoined from attempting to sell any or all of the said engines and coal, and fromlltfemptlng In any manner tciinterfere with the posses:sion or control of the ,same by :said '
N9 taken from: this decree and order, and the same still stands in full force and effect. December, 1893, the receiver filed his petition in On the this court, setting forth that September 29, 1893, petitioner, Keat· ing, had taken out a writ of garnishment in said cause in the circuit court for the county of lasco, and on the 21st day of October, 1893, a /3econd .writ of garnishment in the same cause and court, against Nelsonan'd Barney Mills, of Marysville, St. Clair county, Mich., and that these writs were served, respectively, on the 2d and 23d days of October, 1893. Garnishees, Nelson and Barney Mills, had filed written disclosures to said writs of garnishment, admitting that, at the time of the service of the first writ, they were indebted in the sum of $1,329.07 for freight bills rendered the said garnishees by tb,e railroad company, andthat, at the time of the service of the second writ, they were indebted, for a like consideration, to the railroad company, in the sum of $1,688.88, making a total indebtedness upon the two writs of $3,017.95; that the I-\arnishees, on filing these disclosures, obtained in the state court an order citing the receiver to interplead in the garnishment proceeding, and to file its claim to the moneys garnished. The receiver, insisting that all the indebtedness of the said Nelson and Barney Mills to the railroad company accrued at and after the filing of the bill in this cause, and became due and owing to him as receiver, and denying the right of Keating to interfere, by said garnishment proceedings, with said indebtedness owing from the garnishees to the railroad company, prayed and obtained an order of the court that the garnishees show cause why they should not be ordered to pay the amount disclosed by them to the receiver, and that Keating and Dra/l:er be restrained and enjoined from taking any further proceedings under said writs
FARMERS' LOAN' &' TRUST CO. '0. DETROIT, B. C. & A.. R. CO.
of garnishment against said Nelson and' Barney Mills. A temporary restraining order, prohibiting further proceedings against the garnishees pending the hearing and decision of the order to sho,w cause, was issued. To this order Keating made return, protesting against the jurisdiction of the court over the subject-matter of the petition of the receiver, and ins-isted: (1) That the appointment of the receiver was, by agreement between the complainant and the defendant in the principal cause, not to take effect until on and after November 1,1893, and that the receiver did not take possession of the property of the railroad company until said 1st.day of November. (2) The respondent denied that the mortgage to be foreclosed was a first lien upon all the property of the railroad company at the time of this execution, or upon property since acquired, and denied that the petitioner, under said mortgage, was entitled to the net income or revenue arising from the use and operation of the railroad and property, and insis-ted that such income and revenue,.accruing before November 1, 1893, was subject to legal process for the payment of respondent's said judgment of $10,000 and costs. That the fare paid by Keating to the railroad company at the time he was injured (September 21, 1891) inured to the use and benefit of the complainant as trustee under. the mortgage, and that his said judgment for damages and costs ought equitably to be declared a prior lien on the property of the railroad company to that of the bondholders under the mortgage. Insisted upon the validity of the proceedings in garnishment, and asserted his right to hold the sums disclosed as owing by the garnishee, alleging that the same were revenues of the railroad company, which accrued prior to the 23d day of October, and the 1st day of November, 1893, and that the moneys garnished accrued for freight charges owing the railroad company during its operation of its road, were merely a debt owing s-aid company, and not net income, within the terms of the mortgage. On March 26, 1894, after a full hearing upon the petition, and the cause shown in response thereto, the court decreed that the moneys garnished were covered by the mortgage, the garnishees were commanded to pay the same to the receiver, and the petitioner, Keating, was perpetually enjoined from attempting in any manner to pursue these funds. No appeal was taken from this order and decree, nor any change made therein, and the garnisheee have paid the moneys as ordered. Under his petition, Keating, on July 9, 1895, again asked to have applied to the satisfaction of his judgment the moneys disclosed as owing by Nelson and Barney Mills to the railroad company, on the ground that the same constituted part of the earnings of the railroad prior to the 23d day of October, 1893, the date of the appointment of the receiver, and also that he might be declared to have a lien upon the sum of $6,859.12, which was paid over by the president of the railroad company to the receiver before October 23, 1893, and which, by a stipulation of facts filed July 9, 1895, it is admitted constitute a part of the net earnings of the railroad company for the months of September and October, 1893. This stipulation also admits: That the earnings of the said railroad company for the v.71F.no.1-3
mQn'ths of September Octo1:ler, 1893, were as follows: ber:;grd_earnings, $30,573.59f .net earnings, '7,261.32. October: gross earnings, $18,835.87; net earnings, $6,573.46. And that, sub· sequent to hi$ appointment, lind in conformity with the order of the court appointing him, the said receiver made the following pay· ments for accounts against said railroad company accruing prior to his appointment, to wit:
For pay roll, August, 1893 $ 6,200 00 "September, 1893.······ 7,000 00 " " U October, 1893.································· ", 7,000 00
For state taxes,
Total ·· · · · · · ·· · · ·· ·· ·· · · ·· ·· · · · ··· · ·· · · · · ·· · · · ·· · · ·· ·· · ·· $27,536 42
-That said mortgagees never took possession of any of the property of said defendant, under its mortgage, until the possession taken by said receiver after his appointment. It is also admitted that to the judgment of the circuit court for the county of Iosco in favor of said Keating, and against the railroad company, the receiver, by leave of the· court, took a writ of error from the supreme court of Michigan, where the judgment in said cause was affirmed. 62 N. W·. 575. On July 9,1895, argument was had upon the claim of the petitioner for the payment, from the proceeds of the sale of the mortgaged property, of Keating's judgment for damages and costs, the court having, by its order, reserved from distribution a portion of the fund received from the sale of the mortgaged property, to an· swer any claims that might be established against the same as en· titled to preference over the claims of the bondholders. The con· tention of the petitioner upon this last hearing resolved itself into three propositions: (1) By his levy upon the engines and coal, and the garnishment of the moneys owing from Nelson and Barney Mills to the railroad company, petitioner acquired an equitable lien on said property and moneys; (2) that the moneys paid by the president of the company to the receiver, which had accrued from earnings prior to October 23, 1893, were not subject to the lien of the mortgage, and should be appropriated to the satisfaction of his judgment; and (3) that complainant's mortgage, so far as it covers personal property, is void as against creditors, because not filed with the city clerk of Detroit, where defendant resided. The effect of failure to file the trust deed as a chattel mortgage is not material here. In the con· flict of authority which exists upon that question, this court, in the absence of a decision upon it by the supreme court of Michigan, would follow Hammock v. Trust 00., 105 U. S. 77, 92, holding that railway mortgages not controlled by the statutes regulating the mortgage of chattels. So far as respects the petitioner's right to the enforcement of the levy made upon the engines and coal, all question has been put at rest adversely to petitioner by the decree of the court directing the surrender of that property to the receiver, and awarding a perpetual injunction against the petitioner from interference therewith, and commanding the sheriff to restore said property to the receiver. By its decree of November 13, 1893, it was held that the engines and coal were covered by the terms of the mortgage, and the receiver
FARMERS' LOAN & TRUST CO. t1. DETROIT, B. C. & A. R. CO.
was entitled to the possession thereof. No appeal has ever been taken from this decree, and it has become res adjudicata upon the issue joined between the parties as to the right of the petitioner to have said property applied in satisfaction of his judgment, under the process levied upon the same. The claim of the petitioner to the moneys owing from Nelson and Barney Mills to the railroad company cannot be sustained for the same reason as that which bars his claim to the locomotives and coal. On March 25, 1894, after full hearing, it was decreed that the moneys disclosed to be owing were due to the receiver, the garnishees were commanded to pay the same to him, and a perpetual injunction was awarded, enjoining petitioner from further pursuing the same. No appeal was ever taken from this decree and order, and it concludes all further contest over the status of the fund garnished. The remaining question arises upon the alleged equity of the petitioner to the sums paid by the railroad company to the receiver from earnings of the road which had accrued prior to October 23d. This fund,-$6,859.12,-it is contended, was not subject to the lien of the mortgage, but is the property of the company; and its appro· priation to the claims of the bondholders is a wrong to petitioner, which should be redressed by applying it to the satisfaction of his judgment against the mortgagor, whose property it is said to be. in support of this claim assumes-and probably cor· The rectly-that the decrees denying the validity of the levy and of the garnishment proceedings were determinative only of the petition. er's right to enforce the application of the property levied upon and the funds garnished to the satisfaction of his judgment, but do not preclude his resort to other property of the judgment debtor, to which he can establish his claim. The fundamental proposition in support of the claim to the fund now in question is that, under the following clause in the mortgage, descriptive, in part, of the property conveyed, viz. "all the net income or revenue arising from the use or operation of its railroad and property," complainant has no right to any income which accrued prior to the receiver's appointment, and, as a corollary from this proposition, that petitioner hav· ing, "by his garnishment and this petition, a first claim to and levy upon these funds, they should be applied to his debt." Had peti. tioner acquired a lien by legal proceedings, or otherwise, upon the earnings of the railroad company made prior to the commencement of this suit, a different question would have been presented, and, under the doctrine laid down in the case of Gilman v. Telegraph Co., 91 U. S. 603, 617, he doubtless could have maintained his claim, or could have garnished the funds of the company in the hands of its agents, so long as the mortgagor was in possession of the property, or at any time before the proper judicial authority should interpose, because the possession of the earnings by the mortgagor, which was impliedly permitted by the terms of the mortgage, would render such earnings liable to the creditors of the company as fully as if the mortgage never existed. But, if the fund here in controverSl: was liable to seizure at the instance of creditors, no step was taken by petitioner before this suit was commenced to arrest it in the hands of the mortgagor or its agents. Petitioner de!eyed pro·
ceeding against it until the company had paid it over to the reo ceiver) into whose hands it came, unburdened by any lien in favor of petitioner. By the terms of the mortgage, if the mortgagor failed to pay the interest or principal of any of the bonds which it was made to secure, or any part thereof, when the same were due and payable, or, in due time, all taxes or assessments lawfully imposed upon the premises and property mortg-aged, and should remain in default, in any or either of these particulars, for the period of 60 days, and upon other conditions, not necessary here to mention, it became lawful for the trustee, upon request in writing of the spec· ified number of bondholders, to enter upon and take possession of all the mortgaged property, and, among- other things, to receive the income and profits thereof; and to apply the net income and profits to the payment of the principal and interest of the bonds then outstanding; or the trustee, his successor or successors, might, in its discretion,and on like requests of the snecifiep number of bond· cause the mortgage to be foreclosed, either in equity, or by advertisement and s,ale,<under the statutes of the state of Michigan. Upon such sale, the trustee, and its successor or successors, were authorized to apply the net proceeds of the sale to the payment of the bonds. No lien having been acquired upon the sum paid by the company to the receiver, nor any injunction having been obtained against the payment thereof, but the same having been voluntarily paid by the mortgagor, such payment affords no cause of complaint to petitioner. If that sum had been received from earn· ings of the road made prior to the institution of this foreclosure suit, it is doubtless true that the payment could not have been enforced against the objection of the mortgagor; but the right to make or withhold it was personal to the mortgagor, and, under the circumstances of this case, could not be interfered with or prevented by the petitioner, or any other unsecured creditor of the mort· gagor, having no superior equity to that of the trus,tee for the bondholders. 1'he theory of petitioner's claim is an extension and misapplication of what is ruled in Fosdick v. Schall, U. S. 252, and repeatedly since declared b;y the same court, that"The income out of which the mortgage is to be paid is the net income obtained by deducting from the gross earnings what is required for necessary operating and managing expenses, proper equipment, and useful improvements. Every railroad mortgagee, in accevting his security, impliedly agrees that the current debts, made in the ordinary comse of business, shall be paid from the current receipts, before he has any claim upon the income."
This, however, affords no warrant for the contention that all the liabilities incurred by the railroad company in the operation of its road before the mortgagee demands posse,ssion, or before the ap· pointment of a receiver, are to be rated in the category of current debts and expenses, entitled to preference over the claims of the bondholders. As elsewhere said in the case just cited, the expenses and debts which are held prior in equity to the mortgagee'S' debt are "outstanding debts for lahor, supplies, equipment, or permanent improvement of the mortgaged property." There is nothing in that case, nor in the subsequent decisions of the court, extending this
FARMERS'LOAN & TRUST CO. V. DETROIT, E. C. & A. R. CO.
preference to other classes of claims. This is expres,sly so ruled in Kneeland v. Trust Co., 136 U. S. 89, 97, 10 Sup. Ct. 950; St. Louis, A. & T. H. R. Co. v. Cleveland, C., C. & 1. Ry. Co., 125 IT. S. 658, 673, 8 Sup. Ct. 1011; Thomas v. Car Co., 149 U. S. 110, 13 Sup. Ct. 824. Petitioner's judgment for personal injuries does not entitle him to rank as a secured" creditor of the railroad company, nor has a court of equity power to displace the vested right of the bondholder in favor of such a claim. See, also, Hammock v. Trust Co., 105 U. S. 91; Burnham v. Bowen, 111 U. S. 777, 4 Sup. Ct. 675. It is admitted by the stipulation of facts that this $6,859.12 paid to the receiver constituted a part of the net earnings of the road for September and October, 1893. The payments made by the reo ceiver upon the August pay roll, which the order appointing that officer required him to discharge, amounted to $6.200, and the amount paid for the state taxes for 1892, which, under the laws of Michigan, were a lien paramount to the mortgage and all other claims against the property, is $7,336.42. The total of these sums-namely, $13,536.42-i& nearly double the sum paid to the receiver by the company from these net earnings. "Thatever right, therefore, if any, could be claimed by petitioner in the net earnings is manifestly subject to the equity of the bondholders to reimbursement of the $13,536.42, the payment of which removed the incumbrances mentioned, and for which sum the bondholders are equitably entitled to be subrogated to the priority of the state and the laborers and employes of the road. 'rhe fact that the receiver was not appointed until October 23d does not aid the petitioner. By the institution of the foreclmmre suit in this court on the 4th of September, 18\.13, this court acquired jurisdiction of the property, and took possession thereof for the purpose of administering the same, and enforcing the remedies of the complainant and other lien creditol's, and thereby exempted the property from the process of any other tribunal. Having then no lien upon this fund, petitioner could acquire none upon it, or on :my part of the mortgaged property, after the institution of this suit. Trust Co. v. Morrison, 125 U. S. 609, 8 Sup. Ct. 1004; Gilman v. Telegraph Co., III U. S. 603, 617; Dow v. Railroad Co., 12,1 U. S. f552, 8 Sup. Ct. f573; v. Coleman, 157 U. S. Hi8, 15 Sup. Ct. 570. As ruled by cases, the commencement of this suit was such a demand as entitled the complainant to receive the earnings and income of the railroad. With regard to the costs taxed against the railroad company upon the writ of error taken out to the eircuit court of the county of losco from the supreme court of I1Iichigan, as the writ was issued at the instance of the receiver, in the belief that a reversal of the judgment could be obtained, and further litigation of petitioner's claim in this court thereby obviated, and has occasioned the petitioner some expense in maintaining his judgment in the court below, it seems right that the taxable costs in that cause in the suo preme court of Michigan, not including those taxed in the circuit court for the county of Iosco, should be paid by the receiver. For the reasons stated, all the other relief prayed by the petition of Keating must be denied. An order will be entered in accordance with this opinion.
FARMERS' LOAN & TRUST CO. v. CAPE FEAR & Y. V. RY. 00. et aL LASH v. FARMERS' LOAN & TRUST CO. et al. Ex parte LOW et at (Circuit Court, E. D. North Carolina. December 20, 1895.)
FORECLOSURE PROCEEDIKGS-INTERVENTION BY BONDH01,DERS' COMMITTEE.
When, in the course of a proceeding to foreclose a railroad mortgage, it develops that differences of opinion existed between committees representing different bondholders, so that probably no order for sale can be made which will command the consent of the parties in interest, it is proper to allow such committees to be made parties.
Suits by the Farmers' Loan & Trust Company against the Cape Fear & Yadkin Valley Railway Company, the Mercantile Trust & Deposit Company of Baltimore, John W. Fries, as receiver of the North State Improvement Company, and William A. Lash, as trustee, and by William A. Lash against the Farmers' Loan & Trust Company, trustee, the Cape Fear & Yadkin Valley Railway Com· pany, and John Gill, as receiver of such company. Heard on an ex parte petition by C. Adolph Low, George F. Baker, and William E. Strong, committee, asking leave to intervene. Seward, Guthrie, Marowetz & Steel, for interveners. Turner, McClure & Rolston, for Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. Charles Price, for Cape Fear & Y. V. By. Co. Cowen. Cross & Bond. for receiver and Mercantile Trust & Denosit Co. SIMONTON, Circuit Judge. This is a petition praying leave to intervene and be made parties defendant to the main cause. The Cape Fear & Yadkin Valley Railway has a line having its termini at Wilmington, N. C., and Mt. Airy, in the same state. The road has three divisions, known as "A," "B," and "C." Bonds were issued upon each division. The bonds secured by Division A are known as the "A Bonds," those secured by Division B as "B Bonds," and so with bonds secured by Division C, as "C Bonds." Each class of bonds has the first lien on its own division. The mortgage was executed to the Farmers' Loan & Trust Company, securing all of these bonds, but distinguishing them so that the extent of the prior lien of each class of bonds on its own division was expressed and declared. Default having been made, the complainant, as trustee of all the bonds of every class, filed its bill for foreclosUl'e of the mort· gage and the appointment of a receiver. To this bill the railroad company was made a party defendant, with other parties. But all the bondholders were represented by their trustee. A receiver was appointed. Creditors were called in, and all the bonds have been presented to and proved before the special master thereto named. The special master has made his report as to all existing claims, and the cause is nearly, if not quite, ripe for a final decree. Looking to that contingency, the bondholders have been in consultation, and are now endeavoring to agree upon a plan of reorganization. To that end a committee was formed, called hereafter the "Baltimore Committee," of which Messrs. Blackford, Perot, Tompkins, Redwood, Gordon, and Riddendorf are the members. They have formulated