Anawalt is a town in McDowell County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 272 at the 2000 census. Anawalt was incorporated in 1949. It is named in honor of Colonel Anawalt, who was then manager of Union Supply Company, a subsidiary of the United States Steel Company. Coal mining remains the town's chief industry. Anawalt is the closest town for the unincorporated communities of Jenkinjones, O'Tool, Conklintown, Pageton, Leckie, and Little Creek.