Truro is a town in Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States, comprising two villages: Truro and North Truro. Located two hours outside Boston, it is a summer vacation community just south of the northern tip of Cape Cod, in an area known as the "lower Cape". It is named after Truro in Cornwall, United Kingdom, but its name among the Cape Cod Native Americans was Pamet or Payomet, a name that's still in use in the name of the Pamet River and the area around the town center known as the Pamet Roads. The population of Truro was 2,087 at the 2000 census. Over half of the land area of the town is part of the Cape Cod National Seashore, established in 1961 by President John F. Kennedy, and administered by the U.S. National Park Service.